The conservation of energy is an essential step we can all take towards overcoming the mounting problems of the worldwide energy crisis and environmental degradation. In particular, developing countries are interested to increase their awareness on the inefficient power generation and energy usage in their countries. However, usually only limited information sources on the rational use of energy are available.
The rational use of energy calls for a broad application of energy conservation technologies in the various industrial sectors where energy is wasted. One of these energy intensive industrial sectors to be considered to improve efficiency through the introduction of modern energy conservation technologies is the textile industry. The textile industry is one of the major energy consuming industries and retains a record of the lowest efficiency in energy utilization. About 23% energy is consumed in weaving, 34% in spinning, 38% in chemical processing and another 5% for miscellaneous purposes.
The need of energy management has assumed paramount importance due to the rapid growth of process industries causing substantial energy consumptions in textile operations. Conservation of energy can be affected through process and machine modification, new technologies and proper chemical recipes. The possibilities of utilizing new energy resources are yet to be explored. These energy resources are solar energy, tidal power, wind power, nuclear energy, etc. But initial cost of production will increase in step with cost of oil, which makes development of such sources doubtful in terms of cost incurred.
Credits – Sarita Sharma
Department of fashion Technology, International College for Girls, Jaipur, India.